Porting my Calculator to Python

Although the first language I actually learned was VB.NET, Python is what actually inspired me to begin programming. My dad talked me out of learning it (one of my friends suggested that I did); who knows what kind of programmer I would be today if I had learned it. My guess is that I would be better with server-sided activities and worse on the desktop. Perhaps I’d be more of a Linux guy.

Anyway, I got inspired to learn Python yesterday for whatever reason, and today, I decided to port my calculator to Python. For the sake of comparison, I stayed fairly true to my original C# program. Here’s the very annoying program I came up with (it has no way to exit and loops forever so you have to close the console if you want to close it):

# Python calculator program
# This is the first Python program I've written for a LONG time.
def main():
	while 1==1:
		try:
			number1 = float(raw_input("Enter a number, then hit enter: "))
			number2 = float(raw_input("Enter another number, then hit enter: "))
			operator = raw_input("Which operation do you want? (Choose +, -, * or /, then hit enter): ")
			if operator == "+":
				print "The sum is:", Add(number1, number2)
			elif operator == "-":
				print "The difference is:", Subtract(number1, number2)
			elif operator == "*":
				print "The product is:", Multiply(number1, number2)
			elif operator == "/":
				print "The quotient is:", Divide(number1, number2)
			else:
				print "Please choose another operator."
 
		except:
			print "Error, please try again."
 
		print "\r\n"
 
def Add(num1, num2):
	return num1+num2
 
def Subtract(num1, num2):
	return num1-num2
 
def Multiply(num1, num2):
	return num1*num2
 
def Divide(num1, num2):
	return num1/num2
 
main()

Here it is in action, running in PowerShell:

Python Calculator Image

You can do the four most basic operations over and over! Woo!

In doing this port, I noticed that my beginner-targeted C# code was way longer than it needed to be (with all the helper methods) but very easy to understand. I also noticed a lot of things about Python, some of which I liked and some of which I did not.

The Good

  • The console print command makes it very easy to concatenate variables in.
  • In the small program I had, relying on indentation instead of { } to organize code saved a lot of screen space.
  • The raw_input() function serves as an equivalent to Console.WriteLine(), Console.ReadLine() in C#, saving more keystrokes.
  • Overall simplicity and intuitiveness. I’m a C# developer, not a Python developer, but I was able to complete this port with a little help from Google. Python operators were similar to the C# ones and the syntax isn’t difficult to understand at all. I can read Python code and understand much of what it does, unlike Ruby programs which tend to make my eyes glaze over.

The Not-So-Good

  • I’m not sure how well the whole indentation thing would work in a huge program. Things are bound to get mixed up eventually. Still, I’ve spent plenty of time counting curly brackets trying to figure out why my code won’t compile, so it may just come down to preference.
  • Lack of strong typing. I’m used to seeing float number1, not just some random variable declaration. Again, things could get confusing, especially if you forget what a variable is for.
  • The variable declaration syntax. It makes copy and pasting code much easier not having to get rid of keywords, but it is nice to know that you are declaring a variable for the first time, even if it is with the var keyword in JavaScript.
  • This page says, “Java is a pair of scissors, Ruby is a chainsaw.” That’s fair enough, but where does Python figure into things? Does it have enough horsepower to get things done or should I stick with my C#?

Even with its flaws, I do rather like Python. XKCD sums it up pretty well. I think I will try writing some more programs in it. Heck, I might do some server-sided things with it. Learning another programming language can’t possibly be a bad thing.

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